ERIC Number: EJ826317
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Mar
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 73
PTSD Symptoms and Self-Rated Recovery among Adult Sexual Assault Survivors: The Effects of Traumatic Life Events and Psychosocial Variables
Najdowski, Cynthia J.; Ullman, Sarah E.
Psychology of Women Quarterly, v33 n1 p43-53 Mar 2009
Prior research has demonstrated that self-blame is predictive of more posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms and poorer recovery (Frazier, 2003; Koss, Figueredo, & Prince, 2002), and perceived control over recovery is associated with less distress (Frazier, 2003) in adult sexual assault (ASA) survivors. A structural equation model was tested to examine the role of traumatic events, self-blame, perceived control over recovery, and coping strategies on PTSD symptoms and self-rated recovery in women ASA survivors. Adaptive coping partially mediated the effects of other traumas, self-blame, and perceived control over recovery on PTSD symptoms and showed a small positive association with increased PTSD symptoms. As hypothesized, maladaptive coping partially mediated the effects of other traumas, self-blame, and perceived control over recovery on both PTSD symptoms and self-rated recovery; greater maladaptive coping was associated with increased PTSD symptoms and lower self-rated recovery. Implications and directions for future research are discussed.
Descriptors: Sexual Abuse, Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Coping, Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Adults, Psychological Patterns, Social Influences, Structural Equation Models, Self Concept, Females, Correlation
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A