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ERIC Number: EJ826233
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008
Pages: 25
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 33
ISSN: ISSN-0302-1475
Five Nonmanual Modifiers that Mitigate Requests and Rejections in American Sign Language
Hoza, Jack
Sign Language Studies, v8 n3 p264-288 Spr 2008
A notable difference between signed and spoken languages is the use of nonmanual linguistic signals that co-occur with the production of signs. These nonmanual signals involve primarily the face and upper torso and are an important feature of American Sign Language (ASL). They include grammatical markers that indicate syntactic categories such as yes-no/questions and "wh"-word questions, as well as nonmanual markers (NMMs) that function as adverbs and adjectives. The article describes the ways in which native ASL signers use five nonmanual markers to alter requests and rejections in different discourse contexts. It also argues for a linear ordering of these NMMs based on the degree to which each mitigates requests and rejections and concludes with a discussion of implications for linguistic studies, ASL instruction, and ASL/English interpretation. (Contains 7 notes, 5 tables and 5 figures.)
Gallaudet University Press. 800 Florida Avenue NE, Denison House, Washington, DC 20002-3695. Tel: 202-651-5488; Fax: 202-651-5489; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A