ERIC Number: EJ825983
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
A Study of Comprehensive School Reform Programs in Arizona
McCaslin, Mary; Good, Thomas L.
Teachers College Record, v110 n11 p2319-2340 2008
Background/Context: The U.S. federal government has been interested in improving the performance of students who come from low-income homes since the time of Lyndon Johnson's "Great Society" initiatives in the 1960s. The current administration strongly supports the belief that good schools can be created and has funded the Comprehensive School Reform Program (CSR) to support these beliefs. This article briefly reviews literature related to school reform throughout this period, describes our research plan to study CSR elementary schools in the state of Arizona, and introduces the articles included in this special issue. Purpose/Objective/Research Question/Focus of Study: The basic intent of this study was to inform working theories of learning, motivation, and social/emotional development in school contexts in Grades 3-5. We hoped that an emphasis on theory, contextual enactment, and participant mediation would yield a richer picture of classroom practices and motivational dynamics that might underlie student achievement and CSR effectiveness. This study focused in particular on participant perspectives (principals and students) and classroom practices associated with CSR programs in elementary schools in the state of Arizona. Research Design: The research program includes interview (with principals), observation (of classroom practices), and survey measures and an adaptation of Thematic Apperception Test procedures (with students). Conclusions/Recommendations: School reform initiatives can profit from more research on participant perceptions, actual classroom practices, and student mediation of those practices. These understandings can better link program design and student achievement to enhance the effectiveness of comprehensive school reform initiatives.
Descriptors: Learning Theories, Program Design, School Restructuring, Elementary Schools, Academic Achievement, Program Effectiveness, Educational Change, Federal Government, Educational Theories, Student Motivation, Administrator Attitudes, Student Attitudes, Surveys
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Publication Type: Information Analyses; Journal Articles
Education Level: Elementary Education; Elementary Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Arizona
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Thematic Apperception Test