ERIC Number: EJ825882
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Feb
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 44
Change in Work-Family Conflict among Employed Parents between 1977 and 1997
Nomaguchi, Kei M.
Journal of Marriage and Family, v71 n1 p15-32 Feb 2009
Using data from two national surveys (N = 2,050), this paper examines what accounts for the increase in the sense of work-family conflict among employed parents between 1977 and 1997. Decomposition analysis indicates that the increases in women's labor force participation, college education, time pressure in completing one's job, and the decline in free time were related to the increase. Fathers in dual-earner marriages experienced a particular increase in work-family conflict. With the same amount of time spent with children, parents felt greater work-family conflict in 1997 than in 1977. Although masked by the overall increase, some trends, such as the increases in intrinsic job rewards, time with children, and egalitarian gender attitudes, contributed to a decline in work-family conflict.
Descriptors: Labor Force Nonparticipants, Leisure Time, Conflict, National Surveys, Employed Parents, Rewards, Labor Force, Educational Attainment, Family Work Relationship, Females, Sex Role
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A