ERIC Number: EJ825796
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Sep
Reference Count: 3
The Value Preferences of Young People: Diagnosis and Tendencies of Changes
Petrov, A. V.
Russian Education and Society, v50 n9 p53-67 Sep 2008
One of the most important factors to ensure young people's active involvement in the implementation of the reforms that are being carried out and the emergence of an economically strong and politically stable Russia is their social and psychological mood, their willingness to take action in accordance with definite civic attitudes and value orientations. People's values, and their consciousness of such, can serve either to speed ongoing transformations or slow them down. The problem of value has multiple levels. Values encompass everything that is of significance, all of the results and products of material and spiritual activity. Thus, it is necessary to draw a distinction between the values that can constitute material goods, that can be useful and satisfy the essential needs of life, and express interests, on the one hand, and the values that "are" the products and the results of spiritual production, on the other hand--spiritual and ideal formations that express the attitudes of the individual, group, or society toward the world and serve as guidelines for behavior. Value preferences represent a selective attitude toward the surrounding reality. This article aims to analyze the value preferences of young people, based on the materials of an empirical study in Krasnodar Krai in May to October 2006. To determine the young people's value preferences, an analysis was made of paired statements in the questionnaire and the semistructured interview, and the results of focus groups, in which problems of work, family, Motherland, and ruling authority in the lives of young people were discussed. The answers to the questions in the methodological set of instruments (questionnaires and interview blanks) were grouped into eight semantic cluster blocks: (1) family; (2) ruling authority; (3) work; (4) patriotism; (5) justice; (6) democracy; (7) effectiveness; and (8) morality. The findings of the study single out seven characteristics in the value consciousness of young people: (1) ambivalence, in combination with opposite assessments; (2) instability/changeability; (3) eclecticism, a combination of elements of differing values; (4) absence of any clear-cut interest in politics; (5) a diminution of ideals; (6) orientation toward hedonistic values; and (7) predominance of instrumental over terminal values.
Descriptors: Attitudes, Democracy, Focus Groups, Young Adults, Foreign Countries, Values, Citizen Participation, Questionnaires, Interviews, Employment, Family Relationship, Patriotism, Power Structure, Government Role, Moral Issues
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Russia