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ERIC Number: EJ825692
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009
Pages: 5
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
ISSN: ISSN-1499-4046
Parental Influences on Dairy Intake in Children, and Their Role in Child Calcium-Fortified Food Use
Olson, Beth H.; Chung, Kimberly R.; Reckase, Mark; Schoemer, Stephanie
Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior, v41 n1 p53-57 Jan-Feb 2009
Objective: To understand how parental influences on dairy food intake relate to early adolescent children's use of calcium-fortified food. Design: Content analysis of qualitative interviews to identify parental influences on dairy intake; calcium-fortified food survey to identify children as either calcium-fortified food users or nonusers. Setting and Participants: A convenience sample of Asian (n = 56), Hispanic (n = 61), and white (n = 74) parents of children 10-13 years old, including boys (n = 86) and girls (n = 105). Variables Measured and Analysis: Cluster analysis to identify groups with similar coded parental influences and chi-square analysis to determine associations between these groups and calcium-fortified food use. Results: Two dominant patterns of parental influences: Cluster 1 (n = 128), with positive parental influences related to availability of dairy, milk, and cheese; positive health beliefs for dairy, and child preferences for dairy and cheese, included parents whose children were more likely to use calcium-fortified food. Cluster 2 (n = 63), with positive influences for availability of dairy and milk, included parents whose children were equally likely to be either users or nonusers of calcium-fortified food (P less than 0.05). Conclusion: Strategies to improve parental influence on children's dairy intake might also encourage calcium-fortified food intake and improve calcium nutriture. (Contains 1 figure and 1 table.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A