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ERIC Number: EJ825689
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009
Pages: 7
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-1499-4046
Health Behaviors, Nutritional Status, and Anthropometric Parameters of Roma and Non-Roma Mothers and Their Infants in the Czech Republic
Rambouskova, Jolana; Dlouhy, Pavel; Krizova, Eva; Prochazka, Bohumir; Hrncirova, Dana; Andel, M
Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior, v41 n1 p58-64 Jan-Feb 2009
Objective: To compare maternal health behaviors, maternal nutritional status, and infant size at birth of Romas and non-Romas in the Czech Republic. Design: Maternal interviews and food frequency questionnaire, maternal blood samples, physical measurements of mothers and infants. Setting: Hospital, maternal/child care center; 2-4 days postpartum. Participants: 76 Roma mothers and 151 mothers from the majority population. Main Outcome Measures: Infant length/weight; maternal height/weight; weight gain during pregnancy; duration of pregnancy; maternal smoking habits; dietary intake; use of food supplements during pregnancy; and maternal blood levels of folate, beta-carotene, retinol, and alpha-tocopherol. Analysis: Comparison of ethnic groups by 2-sample Wilcoxon test, chi-square, Fischer's exact test, relative risk, and analysis of variance (ANOVA). Results: Pregnancy duration was about 1 week shorter in Roma women (P less than 0.001), and their infants had lower birth weight (P less than 0.001) and shorter length (P less than 0.001). Prevalence of smoking was significantly higher among Roma mothers (P less than 0.001). Roma women used food supplements less frequently than non-Roma women (P less than 0.001) and had significantly lower mean blood concentrations of folate (P less than 0.001), beta-carotene (P less than 0.001), retinol (P less than 0.02), and alpha-tocopherol (P less than 0.02). Conclusions and Implications: The nutritional status of Roma mothers is worse than that of mothers from the majority Czech population. The dietary and smoking habits of pregnant Roma women should be of special concern to family doctors, obstetricians, nutrition educators, and social workers. (Contains 3 tables and 1 figure.)
Elsevier. 6277 Sea Harbor Drive, Orlando, FL 32887-4800. Tel: 877-839-7126; Tel: 407-345-4020; Fax: 407-363-1354; e-mail: usjcs@elsevier.com; Web site: http://www.elsevier.com
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Czech Republic