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ERIC Number: EJ825650
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007
Pages: 17
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
ISSN: ISSN-0042-8639
The Role of Age and Oral Lexical Competence in False Belief Understanding by Children and Adolescents with Hearing Loss
Gonzalez, Antonia; Quintana, Inmaculada; Barajas, Carmen; Linero, Maria Jose
Volta Review, v107 n2 p123-139 Fall 2007
In the past decade, most studies have reported that children who are deaf and hard of hearing who have parents with typical hearing experience a serious delay in the understanding of false belief. False belief understanding consists of the ability to infer that someone else believes that something is true when one knows it to be wrong. This ability has been considered a reference point in studying the development of theory of mind (ToM). The main aim of this work is to evaluate the relationship between age, oral language and understanding of false belief in subjects who are deaf and hard of hearing. We investigated the relationship between age and ToM when the maximum age of participants included in the study was increased to 19 years. We also studied the relationship between the oral linguistic level of the participants and their performance in ToM. The sample consisted of 54 participants who are deaf and hard of hearing (ages 6 to 19 years) and who come from families with typical hearing. The results show that only from age 14 years onward is there a high percentage of success in the resolution of false belief tasks. Besides age, the level of oral lexical competence is a variable that can help to explain the differences in ToM performance among individuals with hearing loss.
Alexander Graham Bell Association for the Deaf and Hard of Hearing. 3417 Volta Place NW, Washington, DC 20007. Tel: 202-337-5220; Fax: 202-337-8314; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A