ERIC Number: EJ825488
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
Using Alternative Lenses to Examine Effective Teachers' Use of Technology with Low-Performing Students
Edmunds, Julie A.
Teachers College Record, v110 n1 p195-217 2008
Background: Much of the literature on the use of technology with low-performing students can be seen as contradictory and limited, primarily because it examines technology use through a single lens: the technology itself. Purpose: This study used two lenses--teachers' instructional practices and the research on effective technology use--to examine the use of technology by effective teachers. Population: Short interviews were conducted with 20 teachers (in 13 elementary schools) nominated by their principals as effective at improving the achievement of their low-performing students and as considering technology an important part of their instruction. Three of those teachers were chosen for a more in-depth examination. Research Design: The study used a collective case study approach to examine the ways effective teachers used technology with their low-performing students. Data Collection and Analysis: Data sources included screening interviews with 20 teachers; extended interviews with three teachers chosen for the case study; five days of observations in three case study classrooms; and interviews with seven students and their parents. Analysis used the constant comparative approach to develop themes that cut across the classrooms and interviews. Findings: The teachers in this study used technology in a balanced way that was continuous with their general instructional practices. Their use of technology reflected nine primary roles: to target instruction more effectively; to incorporate a variety of strategies; to support teacher-guided instruction; to increase student involvement in instruction; to facilitate remediation and reinforcement; to promote advanced thinking strategies; to increase access to resources; to motivate students; and to meet the needs of the whole child. Conclusion: Examining the use of technology in the context of teachers' instructional practices provides a fuller picture of the different roles technology can play to the learning of low-performing students.
Descriptors: Technology Uses in Education, Teacher Effectiveness, Low Achievement, Elementary School Students, Educational Practices, Case Studies, Grounded Theory
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A