ERIC Number: EJ825193
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
College Students' Motivation to Achieve and Maintain a Healthy Weight
Furia, Andrea C.; Lee, Rebecca E.; Strother, Myra L.; Huang, Terry T-K.
American Journal of Health Behavior, v33 n3 p256-263 May-Jun 2009
Objectives: To develop and refine a scale of motivational factors related to healthy weight achievement and maintenance and to examine differences by gender and weight status. Methods: A cross-sectional survey of 300 university students aged 18-24 years. Results: Factor analysis yielded 6 factors--Intrinsic (Cronbach's alpha = 0.73): affective motivation, self-efficacy/interest; Extrinsic (Cronbach's alpha = 0.68): social reward, peer pressure, lack of choice, and authority influence. Males and normal-weight students showed higher affective motivation and overall intrinsic motivation compared to females and overweight students, (P less than 0.001). Conclusion: Intrinsic motivational factors and gender differences should be considered in developing obesity prevention interventions in this age-group.
Descriptors: Obesity, Self Efficacy, Academic Achievement, Student Motivation, Factor Analysis, Peer Influence, Gender Differences, Body Weight, Health Behavior, College Students, Prevention
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Authoring Institution: N/A