ERIC Number: EJ825160
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Jan
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
"Context and Spoken Word Recognition in a Novel Lexicon": Correction
Revill, Kathleen Pirog; Tanenhaus, Michael K.; Aslin, Richard N.
Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, v35 n1 p305 Jan 2009
Reports an error in "Context and spoken word recognition in a novel lexicon" by Kathleen Pirog Revill, Michael K. Tanenhaus and Richard N. Aslin ("Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition," 2008[Sep], Vol 34, 1207-1223). Figure 9 was inadvertently duplicated as Figure 10. Figure 9 in the original article was correct. The correct Figure 10 is provided. (The following abstract of the original article appeared in record EJ809716.) Three eye movement studies with novel lexicons investigated the role of semantic context in spoken word recognition, contrasting 3 models: restrictive access, access-selection, and continuous integration. Actions directed at novel shapes caused changes in motion (e.g., looming, spinning) or state (e.g., color, texture). Across the experiments, novel names for the actions and the shapes varied in frequency, cohort density, and whether the cohorts referred to actions (Experiment 1) or shapes with action-congruent or action-incongruent affordances (Experiments 2 and 3). Experiment 1 demonstrated effects of frequency and cohort competition from both displayed and non-displayed competitors. In Experiment 2, a biasing context induced an increase in anticipatory eye movements to congruent referents and reduced the probability of looks to incongruent cohorts, without the delay predicted by access-selection models. In Experiment 3, context did not reduce competition from non-displayed incompatible neighbors as predicted by restrictive access models. The authors conclude that the results are most consistent with continuous integration models.
Descriptors: Semantics, Eye Movements, Competition, Word Recognition, Dictionaries, Experimental Psychology, Probability, Novels, Models, Comparative Analysis
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A