ERIC Number: EJ824758
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008
Peer Assessment and Evaluation in Team-Based Learning
Cestone, Christina M.; Levine, Ruth E.; Lane, Derek R.
New Directions for Teaching and Learning, n116 p69-78 Win 2008
In contrast to traditional courses, in which students are accountable only to the instructor, effective implementation of any group-based instructional format, including team-based learning (TBL), requires that students be accountable to both the instructor and their peers. Unfortunately, some instructors resist using groups because of concerns about using peer evaluations or poorly designed group assignments and grading systems that in effect reward and encourage social loafing. With TBL, however, these concerns are largely eliminated by using a comprehensive feedback and grading system that ensures individual student accountability to both the instructor and peers by using a grading system that has an individual performance component, a team performance component, and a peer evaluation component. Peer assessment and evaluation are essential elements of TBL for two reasons. First, peer assessment provides formative (process) information to help individual students improve team performance over time and develop the interpersonal and team skills essential for their future success. Second, peer evaluation scores provide summative (outcome) data to the instructor that can be used to ensure fairness in grading by incorporating an assessment of each member's contributions to the success of their teams and make judgments about it. This chapter discusses the pedagogical merits of peer assessment and evaluation as mechanisms for enhancing student accountability and presents the instructional guidelines, issues, and considerations for use in the TBL classroom. It concludes with a brief description of peer assessment methods and information about how to access and use the corresponding forms.
Descriptors: Feedback (Response), Peer Evaluation, Accountability, Formative Evaluation, Summative Evaluation, Teaching Methods, Student Evaluation, Student Attitudes, Guidelines, Scoring Rubrics, Evaluation Research, Cooperative Learning, Teamwork, Small Group Instruction
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
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