NotesFAQContact Us
Search Tips
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
ERIC Number: EJ824575
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Dec
Pages: 13
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 51
ISSN: ISSN-1076-898X
When Does Haste Make Waste? Speed-Accuracy Tradeoff, Skill Level, and the Tools of the Trade
Beilock, Sian L.; Bertenthal, Bennett I.; Hoerger, Michael; Carr, Thomas H.
Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied, v14 n4 p340-352 Dec 2008
Novice and skilled golfers took a series of golf putts with a standard putter (Exp. 1) or a distorted "funny putter" (consisting of an s-shaped and arbitrarily weighted putter shaft; Exp. 2) under instructions to either (a) take as much time as needed to be accurate or to (b) putt as fast as possible while still being accurate. Planning and movement time were measured for each putt. In both experiments, novices produced the typical speed-accuracy trade-off. Going slower, in terms of both the planning and movement components of execution, improved performance. In contrast, skilled golfers benefited from reduced performance time when using the standard putter in Exp. 1 and, specifically, taking less time to plan improved performance. In Exp. 2, skilled golfers improved by going slower when using the funny putter, but only when it was unfamiliar. Thus, skilled performance benefits from speed instructions when wielding highly familiar tools (i.e., the standard putter) is harmed when using new tools (i.e., the funny putter), and benefits again by speed instructions as the new tool becomes familiar. Planning time absorbs these changes. (Contains 5 figures and 2 tables.)
American Psychological Association. Journals Department, 750 First Street NE, Washington, DC 20002-4242. Tel: 800-374-2721; Tel: 202-336-5510; Fax: 202-336-5502; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A