ERIC Number: EJ824291
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2003-Aug
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
Social Support, Home Health Service Use, and Outcomes among Four Racial-Ethnic Groups
Peng, Timothy R.; Navaie-Waliser, Maryam; Feldman, Penny H.
Gerontologist, v43 n4 p503-513 Aug 2003
Purpose: This study explored similarities and differences in social support, home health service utilization, and health outcomes across four racial-ethnic groups of elders. Design and Methods: 1999 Outcomes Assessment Information Set records for 7,374 home care recipients who were 75 years of age or older and who were discharged to self-care were selected for bivariate and multivariate analyses. Results: Similar levels of skilled service utilization were observed across racial or ethnic groups. Disparities were found in supportive assistance and physical and mental health outcomes. At discharge to self-care, more Black elders had no supportive assistance compared with all other groups; fewer Hispanics and Asians had improved physical functioning compared with Black and White elders. More White elders reported anxiety and depressive symptoms than any other racial or ethnic group. Implications: The findings suggest that racial-ethnic minorities and White elders may have differential needs for mental health and supportive services at discharge from home health care.
Descriptors: Health Services, Ethnic Groups, Mental Health, Outcomes of Treatment, Home Health Aides, Home Programs, Racial Differences, Social Support Groups, Community Health Services, Use Studies, Ethnicity, Educational Gerontology, Multivariate Analysis
Gerontological Society of America. 1030 15th Street NW Suite 250, Washington, DC 20005. Tel: 202-842-1275; Fax: 202-842-1150; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Web site: http://www.geron.org/journals/gsapub.htm
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A