ERIC Number: EJ824089
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Feb
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
Escaping Poverty and Securing Middle Class Status: How Race and Socioeconomic Status Shape Mobility Prospects for African Americans during the Transition to Adulthood
Hardaway, Cecily R.; McLoyd, Vonnie C.
Journal of Youth and Adolescence, v38 n2 p242-256 Feb 2009
This article draws on extant research from the disciplines of psychology, sociology, and economics to identify linkages between individual, family, community, and structural factors related to social mobility for African Americans during the transition to adulthood. It considers how race and class together affect opportunities for social mobility through where African Americans live, whom they associate with, and how they are impacted by racial and class-related stigma. Of particular interest is social mobility as accomplished through academic achievement, educational attainment, employment, economic independence, and homeownership. Research on five issues is reviewed and discussed: (a) the unique vulnerabilities of newly upwardly mobile African Americans, (b) wealth as a source of inequality, (c) racism and discrimination, (d) the stigma associated with lower-class status, and (e) social and cultural capital. The article concludes with a summary and directions for future research.
Descriptors: African American Students, Race, Middle Class, Educational Attainment, Social Mobility, Poverty, Socioeconomic Status, Academic Achievement, Employment, Ownership, Housing, Racial Discrimination, Racial Bias, Social Capital, Cultural Capital
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Publication Type: Information Analyses; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A