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ERIC Number: EJ823833
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Dec
Pages: 12
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 40
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0022-006X
Group and Individual Treatment of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder Using Cognitive Therapy and Exposure Plus Response Prevention: A 2-Year Follow-Up of Two Randomized Trials
Whittal, Maureen L.; Robichaud, Melisa; Thordarson, Dana S.; McLean, Peter D.
Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, v76 n6 p1003-1014 Dec 2008
Relatively little is known about the long-term durability of group treatments for obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and contemporary cognitive treatments. The current study investigated the 2-year follow-up results for participants who completed randomized trials of group or individual treatment and received either cognitive therapy (CT) or exposure plus response prevention (ERP). Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale (YBOCS) scores for individual ERP and CT were not significantly different over 2 years. However, YBOCS scores were consistently lower over time for group ERP participants than for group CT participants. With a single exception in the group treatment study, secondary cognitive and depression scores were stable, indicating that gains achieved during acute treatment were maintained over 2 years. Less than 10% of treatment completers relapsed in each of the treatment trials. Approximately 50% of the completer sample was rated as recovered at 2 years. Additionally, a tentative cross-study comparison suggests that CT was better tolerated and resulted in less dropout than did ERP. Despite the overall positive results, efficacy of OCD treatments has reached a plateau and may require a fresh perspective to move forward. (Contains 2 figures, 2 tables, and 3 footnotes.)
American Psychological Association. Journals Department, 750 First Street NE, Washington, DC 20002-4242. Tel: 800-374-2721; Tel: 202-336-5510; Fax: 202-336-5502; e-mail: order@apa.org; Web site: http://www.apa.org/publications
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Canada
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Obsessive Compulsive Scale; Beck Depression Inventory