ERIC Number: EJ823816
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Oct
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
Psychopathic Traits in a Large Community Sample: Links to Violence, Alcohol Use, and Intelligence
Neumann, Craig S.; Hare, Robert D.
Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, v76 n5 p893-899 Oct 2008
Numerous studies conducted with offender or forensic psychiatric samples have revealed that individuals with psychopathic traits are at risk for violence and other externalizing psychopathology. These traits appear to be continuously distributed in these samples, leading investigators to speculate on the presence of such traits in the general population. Nonetheless, few studies of psychopathy have been conducted with large random samples of individuals from the community. The community sample from the MacArthur Violence Risk Assessment Study provides an opportunity to examine the prevalence and structural nature of psychopathic traits, as well as their association with external correlates in an urban community. The community data (N = 514) represent a stratified random sample of persons between the ages of 18 and 40 who were assessed on the Psychopathy Checklist: Screening Version (PCL: SV) and also for violent behavior, alcohol use, and intellectual functioning. Structural equation model analyses revealed that a 4-factor model found in offender and forensic psychiatric samples fit the community data well and was invariant across sex and ethnicity. Also, a superordinate factor comprehensively accounted for the 4 psychopathy first-order factors and significantly predicted the external correlates. The findings offer insight into the dimensional nature of the psychopathy construct.
Descriptors: Intelligence, Violence, Persuasive Discourse, Drinking, Psychopathology, Personality Traits, Aggression, Alcohol Abuse, Psychological Patterns, Incidence, Correlation, Urban Areas, Young Adults, Check Lists, Structural Equation Models, Criminals, Psychiatry, Gender Differences, Ethnicity, Predictor Variables
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
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