ERIC Number: EJ823722
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Nov
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
Identifying Patterns of Appraising Tests in First-Year College Students: Implications for Anxiety and Emotion Regulation during Test Taking
Davis, Heather A.; DiStefano, Christine; Schutz, Paul A.
Journal of Educational Psychology, v100 n4 p942-960 Nov 2008
The authors explored patterns of appraising tests in a large sample of 1st-year college students. Cluster analysis was used to identify homogeneous groups of 1st-year students who shared similar patterns of cognitive appraisals about testing. The authors internally validated findings with an independent sample from the same population of students and examined the extent to which cluster membership differentiated undergraduates on the basis of external indicators (e.g., anxiety, emotion-regulation strategies, and achievement). The authors used 2 randomly drawn samples to conduct an initial cluster analysis (n = 1,107) and to replicate the solution on a 2nd, independent cluster and cross-classification analysis (n = 1,108). There may be 5 subtypes of test takers who differ in how they approach tests, their experience of anxiety, and how they manage problems that occur during test taking. Theoretical implications for emotion and emotion regulation, as well as practical implications for working with undergraduates who experience test anxiety, are discussed.
Descriptors: College Freshmen, Academic Achievement, Homogeneous Grouping, Multivariate Analysis, Test Anxiety, Student Attitudes, Emotional Response, Self Control, Test Wiseness, Undergraduate Students, Cluster Grouping
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Authoring Institution: N/A