ERIC Number: EJ823701
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Oct
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
Masked Priming with Orthographic Neighbors: A Test of the Lexical Competition Assumption
Nakayama, Mariko; Sears, Christopher R.; Lupker, Stephen J.
Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, v34 n5 p1236-1260 Oct 2008
In models of visual word identification that incorporate inhibitory competition among activated lexical units, a word's higher frequency neighbors will be the word's strongest competitors. Preactivation of these neighbors by a prime is predicted to delay the word's identification. Using the masked priming paradigm (K. I. Forster & C. Davis, 1984, J. Segui and J. Grainger, 1990) reported that, consistent with this prediction, a higher frequency neighbor prime delayed the responses to a lower frequency target, whereas a lower frequency neighbor prime did not delay the responses to a higher frequency target. In the present experiments, using English stimuli, it was found that this pattern held only when the primes and targets had few neighbors; when the primes and targets had many neighbors, lower frequency primes delayed responses to higher frequency targets essentially as much as higher frequency primes delayed responses to lower frequency targets. Several possible explanations for these findings are discussed along with their theoretical implications. Considered together, the results are most consistent with activation-based accounts of the masked priming effect.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
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