ERIC Number: EJ823692
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Oct
Abstractor: As Provided
Active Gaze, Visual Look-Ahead, and Locomotor Control
Wilkie, Richard M.; Wann, John P.; Allison, Robert S.
Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, v34 n5 p1150-1164 Oct 2008
The authors examined observers steering through a series of obstacles to determine the role of active gaze in shaping locomotor trajectories. Participants sat on a bicycle trainer integrated with a large field-of-view simulator and steered through a series of slalom gates. Steering behavior was determined by examining the passing distance through gates and the smoothness of trajectory. Gaze monitoring revealed which slalom targets were fixated and for how long. Participants tended to track the most immediate gate until it was about 1.5 s away, at which point gaze switched to the next slalom gate. To probe this gaze pattern, the authors then introduced a number of experimental conditions that placed spatial or temporal constraints on where participants could look and when. These manipulations resulted in systematic steering errors when observers were forced to use unnatural looking patterns, but errors were reduced when peripheral monitoring of obstacles was allowed. A steering model based on active gaze sampling is proposed, informed by the experimental conditions and consistent with observations in free-gaze experiments and with recommendations from real-world high-speed steering.
Descriptors: Visual Perception, Visual Stimuli, Psychomotor Skills, Eye Movements, Experiments, Spatial Ability, Motion, Computer Simulation
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A