ERIC Number: EJ823664
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Oct
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
A Context-Based Theory of Recency and Contiguity in Free Recall
Sederberg, Per B.; Howard, Marc W.; Kahana, Michael J.
Psychological Review, v115 n4 p893-912 Oct 2008
The authors present a new model of free recall on the basis of M. W. Howard and M. J. Kahana's temporal context model and M. Usher and J. L. McClelland's leaky-accumulator decision model. In this model, contextual drift gives rise to both short-term and long-term recency effects, and contextual retrieval gives rise to short-term and long-term contiguity effects. Recall decisions are controlled by a race between competitive leaky accumulators. The model captures the dynamics of immediate, delayed, and continual distractor free recall, demonstrating that dissociations between short- and long-term recency can naturally arise from a model in which an internal contextual state is used as the sole cue for retrieval across time scales.
Descriptors: Models, Memory, Decision Making, Recall (Psychology), Time Perspective, Context Effect, Cues
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A