ERIC Number: EJ823652
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Jul
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
Laminar Cortical Dynamics of Cognitive and Motor Working Memory, Sequence Learning and Performance: Toward a Unified Theory of How the Cerebral Cortex Works
Grossberg, Stephen; Pearson, Lance R.
Psychological Review, v115 n3 p677-732 Jul 2008
How does the brain carry out working memory storage, categorization, and voluntary performance of event sequences? The LIST PARSE neural model proposes an answer that unifies the explanation of cognitive, neurophysiological, and anatomical data. It quantitatively simulates human cognitive data about immediate serial recall and free recall, and monkey neurophysiological data from the prefrontal cortex obtained during sequential sensory-motor imitation and planned performance. The model clarifies why spatial and non-spatial working memories share the same type of circuit design. It proposes how laminar circuits of lateral prefrontal cortex carry out working memory storage of event sequences within layers 6 and 4, how these event sequences are unitized through learning into list chunks within layer 2/3, and how these stored sequences can be recalled at variable rates that are under volitional control by the basal ganglia. These laminar prefrontal circuits are variations of visual cortical circuits that explained data about how the brain sees. These examples from visual and prefrontal cortex illustrate how laminar neocortex can represent both spatial and temporal information, and open the way towards understanding how other behaviors derive from shared laminar neocortical designs.
Descriptors: Short Term Memory, Brain, Neuropsychology, Neurological Organization, Cognitive Science, Computer Simulation, Serial Learning, Theories
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A