NotesFAQContact Us
Search Tips
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
ERIC Number: EJ823620
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Jan
Pages: 9
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 40
ISSN: ISSN-1537-4416
Sex Differences and Response Styles: Subtypes of Rumination and Associations with Depressive Symptoms
Lopez, Cristina M.; Driscoll, Kimberly A.; Kistner, Janet A.
Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, v38 n1 p27-35 Jan 2009
In view of recent findings regarding the multifaceted nature of rumination in adults and older adolescents, the purpose of this study was to evaluate the construct of rumination as a 2-factor model (brooding and reflection) in a child and early adolescent sample as well as examine sex differences and associations between depressive symptoms and these ruminative subtypes. Participants were children in 2nd through 7th grades (N = 303). Results of a confirmatory factor analysis supported the hypothesis that subtypes of rumination (2-factor model) are present in children and provided a better fit than a unitary construct of rumination (1-factor model). As predicted, girls endorsed higher levels of brooding than boys, and brooding (not reflection) was uniquely related to depressive symptoms. Results revealed that a distinction between brooding and reflection subtypes is warranted as it can help lead to better assessment and identification of risk factors of depression. (Contains 4 tables and 2 footnotes.)
Routledge. Available from: Taylor & Francis, Ltd. 325 Chestnut Street Suite 800, Philadelphia, PA 19106. Tel: 800-354-1420; Fax: 215-625-2940; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Grade 3; Grade 4; Grade 5; Grade 6; Grade 7
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A