ERIC Number: EJ823547
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Nov
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
Learning Rule-Described and Non-Rule-Described Categories: A Comparison of Children and Adults
Minda, John Paul; Desroches, Amy S.; Church, Barbara A.
Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, v34 n6 p1518-1533 Nov 2008
Three experiments investigated the ability of 3-, 5-, and 8-year-old children as well as adults to learn sets of perceptual categories. Adults and children performed comparably on categories that could be learned by either a single-dimensional rule or by associative learning mechanisms. However, children showed poorer performance relative to adults in learning categories defined by a disjunctive rule and categories that were nonlinearly separable. Increasing the task demands for adults resulted in child-like performance on the disjunctive categories. Decreasing the task demands for children resulted in more adult-like performance on the disjunctive categories. The authors interpret these results within a multiple-systems approach to category learning and suggest that children have not fully developed the same explicit category learning system as adults.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A