ERIC Number: EJ823534
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2003
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
Psychosocial Predictors of Increased Smoking Stage among Sixth Graders
Simons-Morton, Bruce G.; Haynie, Denise L.
American Journal of Health Behavior, v27 n6 p592-602 Nov-Dec 2003
Objectives: To identify predictors of increases in smoking stage among sixth graders. Methods: At the beginning and end of sixth grade, 973 students completed surveys. Multivariate, partial proportional odds analyses were conducted. Results: Time 1 intenders were 4 times more likely than never users to smoke at Time 2. In adjusted analyses, female sex, white race, peers, and perceived prevalence were positively associated with an increase in smoking stage, and social competence, parental expectations, and parental monitoring were negatively associated with an increase in smoking stage. Conclusions: Early adolescent smoking advanced in stages; intent predicted initiation; peer and parent influences were independently associated with increases in smoking stage.
Descriptors: Smoking, Early Adolescents, Predictor Variables, Surveys, Intention, Gender Differences, Racial Differences, Peer Influence, Student Attitudes, Incidence, Parent Influence, Expectation, Interpersonal Competence, Parenting Styles, Health Behavior
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Grade 6
Authoring Institution: N/A