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ERIC Number: EJ823527
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Nov
Pages: 20
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
ISSN: ISSN-0278-7393
Effects of Repetition Priming on Recognition Memory: Testing a Perceptual Fluency-Disfluency Model
Huber, David E.; Clark, Tedra F.; Curran, Tim; Winkielman, Piotr
Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, v34 n6 p1305-1324 Nov 2008
Five experiments explored the effects of immediate repetition priming on episodic recognition (the "Jacoby-Whitehouse effect") as measured with forced-choice testing. These experiments confirmed key predictions of a model adapted from D. E. Huber and R. C. O'Reilly's (2003) dynamic neural network of perception. In this model, short prime durations pre-activate primed items, enhancing perceptual fluency and familiarity, whereas long prime durations result in habituation, causing perceptual disfluency and less familiarity. Short duration primes produced a recognition preference for primed words (Experiments 1, 2, and 5), whereas long duration primes produced a preference against primed words (Experiments 3, 4, and 5). Experiment 2 found prime duration effects even when participants accurately identified short duration primes. A cued-recall task included in Experiments 3, 4, and 5 found priming effects only for recognition trials that were followed by cued-recall failure. These results suggest that priming can enhance as well as lower familiarity, without affecting recollection. Experiment 4 provided a manipulation check on this procedure through a delay manipulation that preferentially affected recognition followed by cued-recall success.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A