ERIC Number: EJ823502
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Nov
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
Identifying Two Potential Mechanisms for Changes in Alcohol Use among College Attending and Non-College-Attending Emerging Adults
White, Helene R.; Fleming, Charles B.; Kim, Min Jung; Catalano, Richard F.; McMorris, Barbara J.
Developmental Psychology, v44 n6 p1625-1639 Nov 2008
This study tested whether pro-alcohol peer influences and prosocial involvement account for increases in drinking during the transition into emerging adulthood and whether these mechanisms differ depending on college attendance and/or moving away from home. The authors used structural equation modeling of prospective data from 825 young men and women. For 4 groups defined by college and residential status, more drinking in the spring of 12th grade predicted more pro-alcohol peer influences the following fall, and more pro-alcohol peer influences in the fall predicted increases in drinking the following spring. Going to college while living at home was a protective factor against increases in drinking and selection of pro-alcohol peer involvements. Prosocial involvement (measured by involvement in religious activities and volunteer work) was not significantly related to post-high school drinking except among college students living away from home. Prevention efforts should focus on (a) reducing opportunities for heavy drinking for college and noncollege emerging adults as they leave home and (b) increasing prosocial involvement among college students not living at home.
Descriptors: College Students, Structural Equation Models, Prevention, College Attendance, Drinking, Adolescents, Grade 12, Peer Influence, Prediction, Alcohol Abuse, Young Adults, Place of Residence, Family Environment, Prosocial Behavior, Activities
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Authoring Institution: N/A