ERIC Number: EJ823459
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2005
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 54
Collective Actors and Corporate Targets in Tobacco Control: A Cross-National Comparison
Nathanson, Constance A.
Health Education & Behavior, v32 n3 p337-354 2005
Cross-national comparative analysis of tobacco control strategies can alert health advocates to how opportunities for public health action, types of action, and probabilities for success are shaped by political systems and cultures. This article is based on case studies of tobacco control in the United States, Canada, Britain, and France. Two questions are addressed: (a) To whom were the dangers of smoking attributed? and (b) What was the role of collective action--grassroots level organization--in combating these dangers? Activists in Canada, Britain, and France moved earlier than the United States did to target the tobacco industry and the state. Locally based advocacy centered on passive smoking has been far more important in the United States. The author concludes that U.S.-style advocacy has played a major role in this country's smoking decline but is insufficient in and of itself to change the corporate practices of a wealthy and politically powerful industry.
Descriptors: Smoking, Industry, Public Health, Foreign Countries, Comparative Analysis, Probability, Cross Cultural Studies, Case Studies, Advocacy, Role, Health Promotion
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Canada; France; United States