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ERIC Number: EJ823434
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009
Pages: 19
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 48
ISSN: ISSN-0095-7984
Comparison of African American and Afro-Caribbean Older Adults' Self-Reported Health Status, Function, and Substance Use
Keane, Florence; Tappen, Ruth M.; Williams, Christine L.; Rosselli, Monica
Journal of Black Psychology, v35 n1 p44-62 2009
African American and Afro-Caribbean elders differ in regard to ethnic group membership, place of birth, and years of residence in the United States. In this study, the authors compare self-rated health status, function, and reports of substance use in these two groups. Fifty low-income African American and fifty low-income Afro-Caribbean adults older than 55 were matched on gender, income, and age (within a range of 3 years) for this study. Self-reported mental and physical health (SF-8), function (basic and independent activities of daily living), and tobacco and alcohol use were measured. Significant differences between the two ethnic groups were found on four of the SF-8 domains, the physical health summary measure, and tobacco use but not on the mental health summary measure, function, or alcohol use. The differences that emerged suggest a more positive health status and healthier behavior in the immigrant Afro-Caribbean group. Results may be explained by the healthy immigrant effect relating to better health of immigrant as opposed to nonimmigrant populations. (Contains 2 tables.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A