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ERIC Number: EJ823339
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009
Pages: 29
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0095-182X
From Berries to Orchards: Tracing the History of Berrying and Economic Transformation among Lake Superior Ojibwe
Norrgard, Chantal
American Indian Quarterly, v33 n1 p33-61 Win 2009
This article explores the history of berrying as a significant example of how Lake Superior Ojibwe weathered economic transitions in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. It looks at the emergence of the berry industry surrounding the Fond du Lac, Red Cliff, and Bad River communities, beginning with Ojibwe relocation to these reservations in the mid-nineteenth century and ending with World War II, when the market for berries changed drastically as a result of the mechanization of agriculture. The history of berrying in these communities speaks to the manner in which Ojibwe adapted and intertwined differing forms of labor in dynamic ways. More important, berrying stories--accounts by Ojibwe of berrying experiences--provide insight into the meanings of these transformations. (Contains 72 notes.)
University of Nebraska Press. 1111 Lincoln Mall, Lincoln, NE 68588-0630. Tel: 800-755-1105; Fax: 800-526-2617; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Michigan; Minnesota; Wisconsin