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ERIC Number: EJ823186
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009
Pages: 23
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0739-9863
Cost of Being a Mexican Immigrant and Being a Mexican Non-Citizen in California and Texas
Takei, Isao; Saenz, Rogelio; Li, Jing
Hispanic Journal of Behavioral Sciences, v31 n1 p73-95 2009
This study examines the labor market costs associated with being foreign-born and not having U.S. citizenship among Mexicans in California and Texas, the two largest states. Data from the 2000 5% Public Use Microdata Sample are used to conduct the multivariate regression analysis. The results show that being an immigrant, particularly a non-citizen immigrant, is associated with lower hourly wages in California as compared with Texas. The results also indicate that these costs are greater for those who arrived after 1990, especially in California. Findings suggest that Mexican immigrants faced harsher social context in California in the post-IRCA (Immigration Reform and Control Act) period, as represented in anti-immigrant policies and sentiments. Partly, larger population concentration of immigrants, especially non-citizens, could be a source of intensive within-group labor market competition among the foreign-born workers. (Contains 6 tables and 11 notes.)
SAGE Publications. 2455 Teller Road, Thousand Oaks, CA 91320. Tel: 800-818-7243; Tel: 805-499-9774; Fax: 800-583-2665; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: California; Texas
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Immigration Reform and Control Act 1986