ERIC Number: EJ822987
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 78
Advancing out of Poverty: Social Class Worldview and Its Relation to Resilience
Abelev, Melissa S.
Journal of Adolescent Research, v24 n1 p114-141 2009
Children born into poverty in the United States are at higher risk for a number of nonresilient outcomes. An extensive body of work examines and then confirms the qualities of resilient children, emphasizing the importance of four social-psychological characteristics--social competence, problem solving, autonomy, and sense of purpose--and three categories of protective environmental factors--family, school, and community. Extant research has done an excellent job of identifying the protective factors, but more work is needed to understand the processes through which the protective factors influence positive outcomes. Through life-history interviews with 48 educationally resilient African American adults who were "at risk" children, this study highlights the factors that facilitated respondents' social mobility. By using an in-depth qualitative method grounded in sociological theory, it adds to the literature that identifies "what" are the protective factors, by elucidating the "processes" by which the protective factors operated in the lives of resilient adolescents. In this way it provides a view toward "how" and "why" the protective factors facilitate resilient outcomes, and does so through a connection with Bourdieu's habitus and, specifically, how accessing the interactional style of the middle class fostered resilient outcomes for the study's respondents.
Descriptors: Personality Traits, Middle Class, Individual Characteristics, Poverty, Social Mobility, Interpersonal Competence, At Risk Persons, Problem Solving, Personal Autonomy, Family Environment, Interviews, African Americans, Adults, Educational Environment, Community Characteristics
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
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