ERIC Number: EJ822754
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 25
Racial Differences in HPV Knowledge, HPV Vaccine Acceptability, and Related Beliefs among Rural, Southern Women
Cates, Joan R.; Brewer, Noel T.; Fazekas, Karah I.; Mitchell, Cicely E.; Smith, Jennifer S.
Journal of Rural Health, v25 n1 p93-97 Win 2009
Context: Because cervical cancer mortality in the United States is twice as high among black women as white women and higher in rural areas, providing human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine to rural black adolescents is a high priority. Purpose: To identify racial differences in knowledge and attitudes about HPV, cervical cancer, and the HPV vaccine that may influence uptake of the vaccine. Methods: We interviewed women (91 black and 47 white) living in a rural area of the Southern United States in 2006. Analyses controlled for socioeconomic status, age, and recruitment location. Findings: More white respondents had heard of HPV than had black respondents (57% vs 24%, P less than 0.001), and whites had higher HPV knowledge (42% vs 29% correct responses, P less than 0.05). Blacks were less likely than whites to think that cervical cancer would be a serious threat to their daughters' health (75% vs 96%, P less than 0.001). More blacks than whites thought the ideal age to receive the vaccine was 17 years or older (63% vs 40%, P less than 0.05). Blacks reported lower intentions to vaccinate their daughters than whites (M = 4.14 vs 4.55, P less than 0.05 in unadjusted analyses, but not statistically significant in adjusted analyses). Conclusions: Black and white respondents had different awareness, knowledge, and beliefs related to the HPV vaccine. Communication-based interventions to maximize uptake of the HPV vaccine in the rural, Southern United States may need different messages for black parents of adolescent girls.
Descriptors: African Americans, Daughters, Immunization Programs, Cancer, Racial Differences, Rural Areas, Whites, Knowledge Level, Diseases, Adolescents, Attitude Measures, Females, Socioeconomic Status, Age Differences
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A