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ERIC Number: EJ822732
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009
Pages: 20
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 56
ISSN: ISSN-0276-8739
Inequities in Enforcement? Environmental Justice and Government Performance
Konisky, David M.
Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, v28 n1 p102-121 Win 2009
This paper examines whether state governments perform systematically less environmental enforcement of facilities in communities with higher minority and low-income populations. Although this is an important claim made by environmental justice advocates, it has received little attention in the scholarly literature. Specifically, I analyze state regulatory enforcement of three U.S. pollution control laws--the Clean Air Act, the Clean Water Act, and the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act - over the period 1985-2000. To test for disparities in enforcement, I estimate a series of count models and find strong evidence across each of the three environmental laws that states perform less enforcement in poor counties, but little evidence of race-based inequities. (Contains 15 footnotes, 4 tables and 1 figure.)
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Publication Type: Information Analyses; Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A