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ERIC Number: EJ822642
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007
Pages: 16
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 74
ISSN: ISSN-1466-4208
English Language Spread in Local Contexts: Turkey, Latvia and France
Uysal, Hacer Hande; Plakans, Lia; Dembovskaya, Svetlana
Current Issues in Language Planning, v8 n2 p192-207 2007
In the discussion of English language spread policies, scholars have taken various viewpoints. One approach concerns the "diffusion-of-English" and "language ecology" paradigms, which distinguish externally dominant English spread and resistance to this hegemony. Others have questioned this approach, and proposed that English language spread is not limited to external control, but that local forces also play a role in the spread. These perspectives challenge English language teachers and others to look at the impact of the local situation on the spread of English. This paper discusses English language spread in education at primary school level in Turkey, Latvia and France. The description is based on a review of research on English spread in these three countries as well as analysis of documents such as class enrolments, policy in education, constitutional legislation and reports by ministries of education. Despite some differences in policy in the three countries, they are all experiencing increases in the study of English in primary education. The paper concludes with findings on the applicability of the diffusion-of-English and language ecology perspectives on English language spread in local EFL contexts. (Contains 2 tables and 2 notes.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Elementary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: France; Latvia; Turkey