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ERIC Number: EJ822522
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Jan
Pages: 22
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0013-1954
Constructing Competence: An Analysis of Student Participation in the Activity Systems of Mathematics Classrooms
Gresalfi, Melissa; Martin, Taylor; Hand, Victoria; Greeno, James
Educational Studies in Mathematics, v70 n1 p49-70 Jan 2009
This paper investigates the construction of systems of competence in two middle school mathematics classrooms. Drawing on analyses of discourse from videotaped classroom sessions, this paper documents the ways that "agency" and "accountability" were distributed in the classrooms through interactions between the teachers and students as they worked on mathematical content. In doing so, we problematize the assumption that competencies are simply attributes of individuals that can be externally defined. Instead, we propose a concept of individual competence as an attribute of a person's participation in an activity system such as a classroom. In this perspective, what counts as "competent" gets constructed in particular classrooms, and can therefore look very different from setting to setting. The implications of the ways that competence can be defined are discussed in terms of future research and equitable learning outcomes.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A