ERIC Number: EJ822267
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Dec
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
What Teacher Factors Influence Their Attributions for Children's Difficulties in Learning?
Brady, Katy; Woolfson, Lisa
British Journal of Educational Psychology, v78 n4 p527-544 Dec 2008
Background: Identifying the factors that influence teacher beliefs about teaching children with learning difficulties is important for the success of inclusive education. This study explores the relationship between teachers' role, self-efficacy, attitudes towards disabled people, teaching experience and training, on teachers' attributions for children's difficulties in learning. Method: One hundred and eighteen primary school teachers (44 general mainstream, 33 mainstream learning support, and 41 special education teachers) completed the short form of the Teachers' Sense of Efficacy Scale, the Interaction with Disabled Persons Scale (IDP), and a revised version of the Teacher Attribution Scale. Results: Regression analysis found that teachers' role influenced stability and controllability attributions. However, for stability attributions the effect was not sustained when examined in the context of the other factors of teaching efficacy, experience, training, and attitudes towards disability. What emerged as important instead was strong feelings of sympathy towards disabled people which predicted stable attributions about learning difficulties. Experience of teaching children with additional support needs and teaching efficacy positively predicted external locus of causality attributions. Surprisingly, training was not found to have an impact on attributions. A mixed MANOVA found that mainstream teachers' controllability attributions were influenced by whether or not the child had identified learning support needs. Conclusions: Teacher efficacy, experience of teaching students with support needs, attitudes towards disabled people, and teachers' role all impact on teacher attributions, but no relationship with training was found. Implications for teacher training and development, and for student achievement and student self-perception are discussed.
Descriptors: Learning Problems, Teacher Characteristics, Inclusive Schools, Self Efficacy, Disabilities, Measures (Individuals), Special Education Teachers, Teaching Experience, Teacher Attitudes, Beliefs, Teacher Role, Primary Education, Foreign Countries
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Primary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: United Kingdom