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ERIC Number: EJ822105
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008
Pages: 26
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 64
ISSN: ISSN-0898-5952
How Instructional Design Experts Use Knowledge and Experience to Solve Ill-Structured Problems
Ertmer, Peggy A.; Stepich, Donald A.; York, Cindy S.; Stickman, Ann; Wu, Xuemei (Lily); Zurek, Stacey; Goktas, Yuksel
Performance Improvement Quarterly, v21 n1 p17-42 2008
This study examined how instructional design (ID) experts used their prior knowledge and previous experiences to solve an ill-structured instructional design problem. Seven experienced designers used a think-aloud procedure to articulate their problem-solving processes while reading a case narrative. Results, presented in the form of four assertions, showed that experts (1) narrowed the problem space by identifying key design challenges, (2) used an amalgam of knowledge and experience to interpret the problem situation, (3) incorporated a mental model of the ID process in their problem analyses, and (4) came to similar conclusions about how to respond to the situation, despite differences in their initial conceptualizations. Implications for educating novice instructional designers are discussed. (Contains 2 tables.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A