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ERIC Number: EJ821865
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009
Pages: 11
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-1041-6080
The Importance of Motivation as a Predictor of School Achievement
Steinmayr, Ricarda; Spinath, Birgit
Learning and Individual Differences, v19 n1 p80-90 2009
The present study examined to which extent different motivational concepts contribute to the prediction of school achievement among adolescent students independently from intelligence. A sample of 342 11th and 12th graders (age M = 16.94; SD = .71) was investigated. Students gave self-reports on domain-specific values, ability self-perceptions, goals, and achievement motives. Hierarchical regression and relative weights analyses were performed with grades in math and German as dependent variables and intelligence as well as motivational measures as independent variables. Beyond intelligence, different motivational constructs incrementally contributed to the prediction of school achievement. Domain-specific ability self-perceptions and values showed the highest increments whereas achievement motives and goal orientations explained less additional variance. Even when prior achievement was controlled, some motivational concepts still proved to contribute to the prediction of subsequent performance. In the light of these findings, we discuss the importance of motivation in educational contexts. (Contains 8 tables.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Grade 11; Grade 12; High Schools
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Germany