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ERIC Number: EJ821852
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009
Pages: 7
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-1041-6080
Are Males Always Better than Females in Mental Rotation? Exploring a Gender Belief Explanation
Moe, Angelica
Learning and Individual Differences, v19 n1 p21-27 2009
Males outperform females in the Mental Rotation Test (MRT) for biological, strategic and cultural reasons. The present research tested a motivational explanation with the hypothesis that females could do better when induced to have positive beliefs and expectations. All-female and all-male samples were divided into six groups, each having listened to different instructions: 1. men are better than women at this task; 2. women are better than men; 3. control instructions with no gender reference. Each group was further allocated to either the easy or the difficult task expectations condition. Experimental manipulation affected performance differently in relation to gender. Women's performance was affected by positive instructions about gender. Men were affected by instructions about the task difficulty. Women improved performance and reached men's scores in the MRT when they were led to believe they were better than men. (Contains 2 figures and 1 table.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A