ERIC Number: EJ821611
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Mar
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
Developmental Differences in Prosocial Motives and Behavior in Children from Low-Socioeconomic Status Families
McGrath, Marianne P.; Brown, Bethany C.
Journal of Genetic Psychology, v169 n1 p5-20 Mar 2008
Developmental theories of prosocial reasoning and behavior posit a transition from concrete (e.g., give a toy to receive one) to abstract (e.g., spend time to make someone happy) forms and have been supported with research on middle-socioeconomic status (SES), White samples. The methodology that researchers have used to date has restricted the responses that children can offer. In the present study, 122 Grade 2 and Grade 4 children from low-SES families described different types of motives and behavior and whether a conflict existed between self- and other-serving behaviors. The authors found developmental differences for both abstract and tangible motives that focused on the benefactor of prosocial behavior. Grade 2 girls and Grade 4 boys were the most likely to spontaneously describe a conflict between self- and other-serving behaviors.
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Socioeconomic Status, Prosocial Behavior, Conflict, Grade 4, Grade 2, Child Development, Behavior Patterns, Gender Differences, Motivation
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
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