ERIC Number: EJ821277
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
Social Appraisal of Adult ADHD: Stigma and Influences of the Beholder's Big Five Personality Traits
Canu, Will H.; Newman, Matthew L.; Morrow, Tara L.; Pope, Daniel L. W.
Journal of Attention Disorders, v11 n6 p700-710 2008
Objective: This study investigates social stigma associated with a diagnosis of ADHD in adulthood and whether Big Five personality traits predict appraisals of affected individuals. Method: A sample of 257 undergraduates rate the desirability of targets with ADHD, minor medical problems, and with no appreciable weakness, across several social engagement contexts. Results: Participants exhibit significantly less desire to engage with those with ADHD (as compared to both controls). Agreeableness, Extraversion, and Conscientiousness are found to predict appraisals of targets with and without ADHD, moderated by sex of the target and the beholder. Conclusion: It is suggested that fairly subtle, negative bias toward ADHD contributes to rejection of individuals with the disorder, particularly in academic and work settings. Findings also suggest peers' personalities do have some effect on appraisals of targets with ADHD.
Descriptors: Personality Traits, Adults, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Social Bias, Undergraduate Students, Predictor Variables
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A