ERIC Number: EJ821273
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
The Expression of Adult ADHD Symptoms in Daily Life: An Application of Experience Sampling Methodology
Knouse, Laura E.; Mitchell, John T.; Brown, Leslie H.; Silvia, Paul J.; Kane, Michael J.; Myin-Germeys, Inez; Kwapil, Thomas R.
Journal of Attention Disorders, v11 n6 p652-663 2008
Objective: To use experience sampling method (ESM) to examine the impact of inattentive and hyperactive-impulsive ADHD symptoms on emotional well-being, activities and distress, cognitive impairment, and social functioning assessed in the daily lives of young adults. The impact of subjective appraisals on their experiences is also examined. Method: Participants (n = 206) complete up to 56 in-the-moment assessments of mood and current activities using Personal Digital Assistants for 1 week. Results: Multilevel modeling techniques reveal that ADHD inattentive and hyperactive-impulsive symptoms differentially relate to daily experiences. Higher inattentive symptoms are associated with indices of general distress, including less positive and more negative mood as well as more concentration problems. Higher hyperactive-impulsive symptoms are associated with reduced sensitivity to contextual factors in perceptions of situations. Conclusion: These findings demonstrate predictive validity for adult self-report of ADHD symptoms in a general population sample and suggest future research directions using ESM.
Descriptors: Predictive Validity, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Young Adults, Sampling, Psychological Patterns, Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Well Being, Emotional Response, Cognitive Development, Neurological Impairments, Handheld Devices, Attention Span, Correlation
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
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