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ERIC Number: EJ820995
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008
Pages: 16
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 35
ISSN: ISSN-1524-4113
Reforming the Loosely Coupled System: Implications for Jewish Schools
Gamoran, Adam
Journal of Jewish Education, v74 ns1 p52-67 2008
School systems in the United States have long been characterized as "loosely coupled systems," in which decisions and events occurring in one part of the system have little resonance elsewhere. Loose coupling has advantages in that classrooms are buffered from outside interference, but it also makes it difficult to bring about change. Current federal policy can be viewed as an attempt to tighten the system by using accountability incentives to influence what goes on in classrooms. For private schools in general and Jewish schools in particular, national survey data suggest that accountability reforms are much less salient, as teachers perceive a high degree of influence over school policy and control in their classrooms. In light of these results, three other reform strategies are considered: restructuring, market incentives, and professional learning. Based on theoretical and empirical considerations, professional learning appears to be the most promising strategy for bringing about improvements in teaching and learning in Jewish as well as other private schools--and probably in public schools as well. (Contains 2 tables and 6 figures.)
Routledge. Available from: Taylor & Francis, Ltd. 325 Chestnut Street Suite 800, Philadelphia, PA 19106. Tel: 800-354-1420; Fax: 215-625-2940; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: No Child Left Behind Act 2001