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ERIC Number: EJ820343
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Feb
Pages: 15
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
ISSN: ISSN-0022-0965
Development of the Letter Identity Span in Reading: Evidence from the Eye Movement Moving Window Paradigm
Haikio, Tuomo; Bertram, Raymond; Hyona, Jukka; Niemi, Pekka
Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, v102 n2 p167-181 Feb 2009
By means of the moving window paradigm, we examined how many letters can be identified during a single eye fixation and whether this letter identity span changes as a function of reading skill. The results revealed that 8-year-old Finnish readers identify approximately 5 characters, 10-year-old readers identify approximately 7 characters, and 12-year-old and adult readers identify approximately 9 characters to the right of fixation. Comparison with earlier studies revealed that the letter identity span is smaller than the span for identifying letter features and that it is as wide in Finnish as in English. Furthermore, the letter identity span of faster readers of each age group was larger than that of slower readers, indicating that slower readers, unlike faster readers, allocate most of their processing resources to foveally fixated words. Finally, slower second graders were largely not disrupted by smaller windows, suggesting that their word decoding skill is not yet fully automatized. (Contains 4 figures and 7 tables.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Grade 2
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A