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ERIC Number: EJ820223
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Sep
Pages: 29
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 52
ISSN: ISSN-0037-7732
Defending Turf: Racial Demographics and Hate Crime against Blacks and Whites
Lyons, Christopher J.
Social Forces, v87 n1 p357-385 Sep 2008
This study explores how racial composition, in-migration and community identity influence the distribution of antiblack and antiwhite hate crimes. Drawing on six years of Chicago Police Department reports, two decades of census data and community survey data from the Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods, the paper evaluates hypotheses derived from racial threat, macrostructural opportunity and defended community perspectives. Negative binomial models controlling for spatial dependence reveal different patterns for antiblack and antiwhite hate crimes across Chicago communities. Consistent with a defended communities model, antiblack hate crimes are most common in homogenous white communities with strong community identities undergoing recent black in-migration. In contrast, antiwhite hate crimes are most numerous in communities where blacks and white comprise near equal proportions, supporting macrostructural opportunity perspectives. (Contains 8 tables and 3 notes.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A