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ERIC Number: EJ820090
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Dec
Pages: 13
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 73
ISSN: ISSN-1366-8250
Tonguing Behaviours in Persons with Down Syndrome: Moderator of the Effects of Negative Mood on Behaviour Problems
Barrett, Karen Caplovitz; Fidler, Deborah J.
Journal of Intellectual & Developmental Disability, v33 n4 p303-315 Dec 2008
Background: There is concern that tongue protrusion may be maladaptive in individuals with Down syndrome (DS). However, tonguing and other self-manipulatory behaviours have been shown to contribute to emotion regulation in children without disabilities. Method: Sixty individuals with intellectual disability (40 with DS, 20 of mixed aetiology) and their parents were videotaped during a puzzle-book task. Empirical relationships between observed tongue protrusion, other observed nonverbal behaviours, and reported negative mood, maladaptive behaviours, and stress-inducing characteristics were assessed. Results: Individuals with DS and reported negative mood who did not engage in tonguing were more likely to display internalising and externalising behaviours and stress-inducing characteristics, whereas those who did engage in tonguing were not more likely to display these characteristics. Conclusion: These findings are consistent with the possibility that tongue protrusion serves an emotion regulation function for individuals with DS. (Contains 3 tables.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Kaufman Brief Intelligence Test; Parenting Stress Index; Child Behavior Checklist