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ERIC Number: EJ820012
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Nov
Pages: 25
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 89
ISSN: ISSN-0013-2004
The Governmentalization of Learning and the Assemblage of a Learning Apparatus
Simons, Maarten; Masschelein, Jan
Educational Theory, v58 n4 p391-415 Nov 2008
In this essay, Maarten Simons and Jan Masschelein reconsider the concepts "educationalization" and "the grammar of schooling" in the light of the overwhelming importance of "learning" today. Doubting whether these concepts and related historical-analytical perspectives are still useful, the authors suggest the concept "learning apparatus" as a point of departure for an analysis of the "grammar of "learning"." They draw on Michel Foucault's analysis of governmentality to describe how learning has become a matter of both government and self-government. In describing the governmentalization of learning and the current assemblage of a "learning apparatus," Simons and Masschelein indicate how the concept of learning has become disconnected from education and teaching and has instead come to refer to a kind of "capital", to something for which the learner is personally "responsible", to something that can and should be "managed", and to something that must be "employable". Finally, the authors elaborate how these discourses combine to play a crucial role in contemporary advanced liberalism that seeks to promote entrepreneurship.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A