ERIC Number: EJ819992
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Dec
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
What Type of Computer-Assisted Exercise Supports Young Less Skilled Spellers in Resolving Problems in Open and Closed Syllable Words?
Hilte, Maartje; Reitsma, Pieter
Annals of Dyslexia, v58 n2 p97-114 Dec 2008
Dutch bisyllabic words containing open and closed syllables are particularly difficult to spell for children. What kind of support in spelling exercises improves the spelling of these words the most? Two extensions of a commonly used dictation exercise were tested: less skilled spellers in grade 2 (n = 50; 7 years and 10 months) either received explicit syllabic segmentation cues or received spelling cues by means of a visual preview. Comparisons between pre-, post-, and retention tests of spelling skill showed that extra syllabic cues did not show a significant improvement beyond normal spelling dictation and that visual preview was most effective as compared to the other types of training. The findings suggest that word-specific knowledge can effectively be improved by exposure to the correct letter pattern during exercises in spelling and seems to result in lasting improvement of word-specific orthographic representations, at least for 5 weeks.
Descriptors: Cues, Verbal Communication, Spelling, Syllables, Grade 2, Indo European Languages, Pretests Posttests, Language Processing, Computer Assisted Instruction, Visual Stimuli
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Elementary Education; Grade 2
Authoring Institution: N/A