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ERIC Number: EJ819518
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Jan
Pages: 15
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
ISSN: ISSN-0749-596X
Random Error in Judgment: The Contribution of Encoding and Retrieval Processes
Pleskac, Timothy J.; Dougherty, Michael R.; Rivadeneira, A. Walkyria; Wallsten, Thomas S.
Journal of Memory and Language, v60 n1 p165-179 Jan 2009
Theories of confidence judgments have embraced the role random error plays in influencing responses. An important next step is to identify the source(s) of these random effects. To do so, we used the stochastic judgment model (SJM) to distinguish the contribution of encoding and retrieval processes. In particular, we investigated whether dividing attention during encoding and/or retrieval changed the consistency of judgments during a statement verification task. Analysis of both choices and confidence ratings revealed: (1) divided attention at encoding increased the between-item variability and strength of the stored information thereby decreasing participants' ability to discriminate between true and false statements at test; and (2) divided attention at retrieval had no effect on item-level trial-by-trial variability, discrimination ability, or criterion location. We discuss the implications of these results in terms of theories of memory and of judgment. (Contains 6 figures and 5 tables.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A